Cryptocurrency Taxes: What You Need to Know Before Filing



Cryptocurrencies have been around for more than a decade, and they have become increasingly popular over time. However, as the use of cryptocurrencies has grown, so has the complexity of tax regulations surrounding them. This can make filing taxes for cryptocurrency traders and investors quite confusing. In this blog post, we will provide an overview of cryptocurrency taxes and what you need to know before filing your taxes.

What are cryptocurrency taxes?

Cryptocurrency taxes are taxes paid on the profits made from buying and selling cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are treated as property by the IRS, which means that they are subject to capital gains tax. This means that any profit you make from buying and selling cryptocurrencies is subject to taxation.

How are cryptocurrency taxes calculated?

Cryptocurrency taxes are calculated based on the capital gains or losses you have made from buying and selling cryptocurrencies. If you sell your cryptocurrency for more than you bought it, you have a capital gain. If you sell your cryptocurrency for less than you bought it, you have a capital loss. The amount of tax you owe depends on the amount of your capital gain and your tax bracket.

It is important to note that if you hold your cryptocurrency for more than a year, you may be eligible for long-term capital gains tax rates, which are typically lower than short-term capital gains tax rates.

What do you need to report on your tax return?

If you have bought or sold cryptocurrencies during the year, you need to report your capital gains or losses on your tax return. You will need to provide the following information:

The date of the transaction

The type of cryptocurrency that was bought or sold

The amount of cryptocurrency that was bought or sold

The price at which the cryptocurrency was bought or sold

The cost basis of the cryptocurrency (the amount you paid for it)

It is important to keep accurate records of all your cryptocurrency transactions, including the date of the transaction, the type of cryptocurrency, the amount bought or sold, and the price at which it was bought or sold. This will make it easier for you to report your capital gains or losses accurately.

What are some common mistakes to avoid?

One of the most common mistakes that people make when filing cryptocurrency taxes is not reporting all their transactions. It is essential to report all your transactions accurately to avoid any potential penalties or legal issues.

Another common mistake is not keeping accurate records of your transactions. This can make it challenging to accurately calculate your capital gains or losses and could result in underpaying or overpaying your taxes.

Here are some more tips to help you navigate cryptocurrency taxes:

Be aware of the tax implications of mining: If you mine cryptocurrency, the IRS considers the rewards you receive as income. You will need to report this income on your tax return.

Take advantage of tax-loss harvesting: If you have capital losses from other investments, you can use them to offset your cryptocurrency capital gains, reducing your tax liability.

Consider using a tax professional: If you are unsure about how to file your cryptocurrency taxes, or if you have a large number of transactions, it may be a good idea to work with a tax professional who has experience in cryptocurrency taxation.

Keep up-to-date with changing regulations: Cryptocurrency tax regulations are continually evolving, so it is essential to keep up to date with any changes that may affect your tax liability.

In summary, cryptocurrency taxes can be complex, but by keeping accurate records of your transactions, understanding the tax regulations, and seeking professional advice if necessary, you can ensure that you file your taxes correctly and avoid any potential issues with the IRS.

Here are some additional points to consider when it comes to cryptocurrency taxes:

Understand the difference between trading and investing: If you buy and hold cryptocurrency as an investment, you will be subject to capital gains tax when you sell. However, if you are an active trader, you may be considered a business, and you will need to report your profits and losses as income.

Keep track of your transactions on all exchanges: If you trade on multiple exchanges, it is crucial to keep track of all your transactions, as they will need to be reported on your tax return. Many cryptocurrency tax software tools can help you aggregate and track your transactions across multiple exchanges.

Consider the tax implications of using cryptocurrency to make purchases: If you use cryptocurrency to buy goods or services, the IRS considers this a taxable event. You will need to report the capital gains or losses on your tax return, just as you would with a regular sale of cryptocurrency.

Report gifts and donations: If you give or receive cryptocurrency as a gift or donation, there are specific tax rules to follow. You will need to report the gift or donation on your tax return, and the recipient will need to report it as income.

Don't forget about state and local taxes: In addition to federal taxes, you may also be subject to state and local taxes on your cryptocurrency gains. It is important to understand the tax rules in your state and locality and report your gains accordingly.


Cryptocurrency taxes can be complicated, but it is essential to understand the tax regulations to avoid potential penalties and legal issues. You should keep accurate records of all your cryptocurrency transactions and report them accurately on your tax return. By doing so, you can ensure that you pay the correct amount of taxes and avoid any issues with the IRS.